INTechHouse BLOG 10.04.2024 9 min
What is Data Product in Data Mesh?
INTechHouse BLOG 10.04.2024 9 min

What is Data Product in Data Mesh?

Daria Diuzhakova Content Expert

the concept of data products has emerged as a cornerstone of Data Mesh architecture, revolutionizing the way organizations organize, manage, and utilize their data assets. In this article, we delve into the essence of data products within Data Mesh, exploring their domain-oriented ownership, self-serve infrastructure, and product-centric mindset.

Data Products in the Data Mesh

The lifecycle of a Data Product in a Data Mesh environment begins with its creation, where raw data is transformed into valuable assets.

Data products in Data Mesh are curated collections of data assets organized around specific business domains. They encapsulate domain-specific data, insights, and capabilities, tailored to meet the unique needs and objectives of their respective domains. Unlike traditional data architectures where data is fragmented and siloed, data products in Data Mesh are designed to be cohesive, discoverable, and easily accessible across the organization, fostering a culture of data-driven decision-making and collaboration.

Benefits of Data Products


  • Domain-Centric Approach: By organizing data around specific business domains, data products ensure alignment with the strategic objectives and priorities of the organization. This domain-centric approach enables domain-specific teams to take ownership of their data assets, fostering accountability, innovation, and agility within their respective domains.
  • Improved Data Accessibility: Data products democratize data access, making it easier for stakeholders across the organization to discover, access, and utilize valuable insights and capabilities. This enhanced accessibility enables users to derive actionable insights and make informed decisions autonomously, driving operational efficiency and agility.
  • Enhanced Data Quality and Consistency: Data products are designed with a relentless focus on quality, reliability, and consistency. By implementing robust mechanisms for data validation, lineage tracking, and performance monitoring, data products ensure that users can trust the integrity of the data they are using for decision-making and operations.
  • Promotion of Collaboration and Innovation: By fostering a culture of collaboration and innovation, data products empower domain-specific teams to leverage data as a strategic asset to drive innovation, agility, and competitiveness. This collaborative approach encourages knowledge-sharing, cross-functional collaboration, and the co-creation of valuable insights and solutions.
  • Scalability and Flexibility: Data products are designed to be scalable and flexible, allowing organizations to adapt and evolve their data assets to meet changing business needs and technological advancements. This scalability ensures that data products can grow and evolve alongside the organization, providing a future-proofed foundation for data management and utilization.

Source: Thoughtworks

An Example of Data as a Product

Example: Customer Analytics Dashboard

Imagine a scenario where a retail company seeks to enhance its customer experience by gaining deeper insights into customer behavior and preferences. To achieve this goal, the company decides to develop a customer analytics dashboard as a data product.

Components of the Data Product:

Data Ingestion Layer: The data product architecture begins with the ingestion of data from various sources, including transactional databases, customer interactions, and online channels. This layer ensures that relevant data is collected and prepared for analysis.

Data Processing and Transformation: Once the data is ingested, it undergoes processing and transformation to clean, enrich, and aggregate it into a usable format. This step involves data cleansing, normalization, and integration to ensure consistency and accuracy.

Analytics Engine: The heart of the data product is the analytics engine, which performs advanced analytics and generates insights from the processed data. This engine may utilize machine learning algorithms, predictive models, and statistical techniques to uncover patterns, trends, and correlations in the data.

Visualization and Reporting: The insights generated by the analytics engine are presented to users through intuitive visualizations and reports. The customer analytics dashboard provides interactive charts, graphs, and tables that enable users to explore and understand the data easily.

User Interface and Access Control: The data product architecture includes a user interface that allows users to interact with the dashboard and access relevant insights. Access control mechanisms ensure that only authorized users can view and manipulate the data, protecting sensitive information.

Monitoring and Governance: To ensure the reliability and quality of the data product, monitoring and governance mechanisms are implemented. This includes tracking data usage, monitoring performance metrics, and enforcing data governance policies to maintain data integrity and compliance.

Source: AWS

Data Product Architecture

Organizations are increasingly recognizing the value of treating data as a product. In this article, we’ll explore the architecture of data products and provide insights into how organizations can create and implement them effectively.

Data Product Architecture

1. Data Ingestion:

  • Begin by ingesting data from various sources, such as databases, APIs, and streaming platforms.
  • Ensure data quality and consistency during the ingestion process through validation and cleansing.

2. Data Storage:

  • Store the ingested data in a centralized repository or data lake, making it easily accessible for processing and analysis.
  • Choose scalable and flexible storage solutions that can accommodate large volumes of data.

3. Data Processing:

  • Process the raw data to extract meaningful insights and derive actionable intelligence.
  • Utilize techniques such as data transformation, aggregation, and enrichment to prepare the data for analysis.

4. Analytics and Modeling:

  • Apply advanced analytics and modeling techniques to uncover patterns, trends, and correlations in the data.
  • Use machine learning algorithms and predictive models to generate insights and make data-driven predictions.

5. Visualization and Reporting:

  • Present the insights derived from the data through intuitive visualizations and reports.
  • Choose visualization tools and techniques that effectively communicate complex data in a digestible format.

6. Deployment and Integration:

  • Deploy the data product into production environments, making it accessible to end-users.
  • Integrate the data product with existing systems and applications to enable seamless data exchange and interoperability.

7. Monitoring and Governance:

  • Implement monitoring and governance mechanisms to ensure the reliability, security, and compliance of the data product.
  • Monitor key performance indicators (KPIs) and metrics to track the performance and usage of the data product.


How to Create Data Products

Identify Business Needs: Start by understanding the specific business objectives and use cases that the data product aims to address.

Define Data Requirements: Determine the types of data needed to achieve the desired outcomes and establish criteria for data quality and relevance.

Design Architecture: Develop a data product architecture that aligns with the business requirements and leverages best practices in data management and analytics.

Data Preparation: Prepare the data for analysis by cleansing, transforming, and enriching it to ensure accuracy and consistency.

Analytics and Insights: Apply analytics techniques to derive insights from the data and generate actionable intelligence that informs decision-making.

Visualization and Communication: Present the insights in a visually appealing and understandable format through dashboards, reports, and interactive visualizations.

Testing and Validation: Test the data product rigorously to ensure its functionality, reliability, and accuracy before deploying it into production environments.

Deployment and Maintenance: Deploy the data product into production and provide ongoing maintenance and support to ensure its continued success and effectiveness.


Data Product Implementation

Cross-functional Collaboration: Foster collaboration between data scientists, analysts, engineers, and business stakeholders to ensure the successful implementation of data products.

Agile Development: Embrace agile methodologies to iterate quickly, incorporate feedback, and adapt to changing requirements throughout the implementation process.

User Feedback: Solicit feedback from end-users and stakeholders to validate the effectiveness of the data product and identify areas for improvement.

Continuous Improvement: Continuously monitor and evaluate the performance of the data product, making adjustments and enhancements as needed to optimize its value and impact.

Training and Adoption: Provide training and support to users to ensure they understand how to effectively use the data product to drive decision-making and achieve business objectives.

Domain-oriented Ownership and Design

Data products in Data Mesh are not just arbitrary collections of data; they are meticulously crafted around specific business domains, reflecting the principles of domain-driven design (DDD). This ensures that each data product is closely aligned with the unique needs and objectives of its respective domain, fostering a deeper understanding of domain-specific data and promoting more relevant and effective data management practices. Moreover, data products are managed by teams with domain expertise, further enhancing their relevance and usability within the organization.

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Self-serve Data Infrastructure

One of the key characteristics of data products in Data Mesh is their self-serve nature. Unlike traditional data architectures where accessing and utilizing data often requires ongoing support from the data producing team, data products are designed to be consumed independently by data consumers. This self-serve model empowers users to access and use data products at their convenience, facilitated by comprehensive documentation, user-friendly interfaces, and automated tools. By removing barriers to access and usage, organizations can democratize data and empower users to derive insights and make informed decisions autonomously.

Product Thinking

Treating data as a product entails applying product management principles to its lifecycle. This includes:

  • Understanding User Needs: Prioritizing user needs and requirements when designing and developing data products, ensuring that they deliver tangible value and address real-world challenges.
  • Iterative Development: Embracing an iterative approach to product development, incorporating user feedback and evolving data products based on changing business needs and priorities.
  • Focus on Quality and User Experience: Upholding high standards of quality and user experience throughout the data product lifecycle, from design and development to deployment and support.
  • Clear Roadmap for Evolution: Establishing a clear roadmap for the evolution and support of data products, outlining future enhancements, features, and iterations to meet evolving business demands and technological advancements.

By adopting a product-centric mindset, organizations can maximize the value and impact of their data assets, driving innovation, agility, and competitiveness in the digital age.

Decentralized Governance and Standardization

While governance in Data Mesh is decentralized, stringent standards for security, privacy, and interoperability are enforced to maintain consistency and coherence across data products. This approach ensures that data products can be easily discovered, accessed, and integrated across the organization while allowing domain-specific teams the autonomy to manage their data assets effectively. By striking a balance between autonomy and coherence, Data Mesh architecture ensures the scalability and effectiveness of data management practices within the organization.

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Discoverability and Addressability

Central to the success of Data Mesh is the concept of discoverability and addressability, where each data product is easily accessible and identifiable through a global catalog or directory. Metadata, schemas, and other relevant information accompany each data product, aiding users in understanding and utilizing the data effectively. This ensures that users across the organization can effortlessly find and access the data they need to make informed decisions and drive operational efficiency.

Quality and Trustworthiness

Data products within Data Mesh are designed with a relentless focus on quality, reliability, and trustworthiness. Robust mechanisms for data validation, lineage tracking, and performance monitoring are implemented to ensure that data consumers can trust the data they are using for decision-making and operational processes. By instilling confidence in the integrity of the data, organizations can foster a culture of data-driven decision-making and innovation.

Economic Model

Understanding the cost and value of data products is essential for managing data resources efficiently and promoting responsible usage. Data Mesh architecture facilitates the implementation of chargeback models or other economic mechanisms to allocate costs and incentivize responsible usage of data resources. This ensures that resources are utilized judiciously, maximizing the value derived from data assets while minimizing unnecessary costs.

INTechHouse Advice: Maximizing the Potential of Data Products

At INTechHouse, we believe that data products are the key to unlocking the full potential of your organization’s data assets. Here are some pieces of advice to help you maximize the value of your data products:

Define Clear Objectives

Before embarking on the journey of creating data products, it’s essential to define clear objectives aligned with your business goals. Determine the specific problems you aim to solve or opportunities you wish to capitalize on through data-driven insights. By setting clear objectives, you can ensure that your data products are purposeful and impactful.

Understand Your Data Landscape

Gain a comprehensive understanding of your organization’s data landscape, including the types of data available, where it’s stored, and how it’s generated. Conduct a thorough assessment of data quality, consistency, and relevance to identify any gaps or opportunities for improvement. By understanding your data landscape, you can make informed decisions about which data to prioritize and how to best leverage it to create valuable data products.

Foster Collaboration Across Teams

Creating effective data products requires collaboration across multidisciplinary teams, including data scientists, analysts, engineers, and business stakeholders. Foster a culture of collaboration and communication to ensure that insights from diverse perspectives are incorporated into the development process. By working together seamlessly, teams can leverage their collective expertise to create data products that drive meaningful outcomes.

Prioritize Data Governance and Security

Maintaining data governance and security is paramount when creating data products. Establish robust governance policies and processes to ensure data integrity, privacy, and compliance with regulatory requirements. Implement access controls and encryption mechanisms to protect sensitive data from unauthorized access or breaches. By prioritizing data governance and security, you can build trust and confidence in your data products among stakeholders.

Embrace Agile and Iterative Development

Adopt an agile and iterative approach to developing data products, allowing for flexibility and adaptability throughout the process. Break down complex projects into smaller, manageable tasks or sprints, enabling incremental progress and frequent feedback loops. Embrace experimentation and iteration to refine and improve your data products based on user feedback and evolving business needs.

Measure Success and Iterate Accordingly

Define key performance indicators (KPIs) to measure the success and impact of your data products against predefined objectives. Continuously monitor and analyze KPIs to identify areas of improvement or optimization. Iterate on your data products based on insights gleaned from performance metrics and user feedback, ensuring that they remain relevant and effective over time.


In conclusion, effective governance and standardization are critical components of Data Mesh architecture, enabling organizations to harness the full potential of their data assets while maintaining coherence and consistency across data products. By embracing decentralized governance, ensuring discoverability and addressability, upholding quality and trustworthiness, and implementing an economic model, organizations can establish a robust foundation for data management and utilization within the Data Mesh framework. As organizations continue to navigate the complexities of the digital landscape, Data Mesh emerges as a transformative approach that empowers organizations to thrive in the era of data-driven innovation and decision-making.

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